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Muir Beach Water Conservation Implementation

Project URL link
Sponsoring Agency Watershed Alliance of Marin
Subregions ('West Bay',)
Counties Marin
Watershed Tributary
Public or private land? ()
Location (lat/lon) 37.8622° N, -122.5814° W
Start Date 2/1/16
End Date 12/31/18
Location Description The community of Muir Beach along State Route 1 in Southern Marin County.

The Watershed Alliance of Marin, Muir Beach CSD, Muir Beach, and Muir Beach volunteer Fire Department to obtain a grant to implement water conservation measures to offset the deleterious affects of groundwater pumping by Muir Beach CSD. Those measures would include primarily graywater and rainwater catchment systems.

 

Drinking Water Supply
Water Quality Improvement
Water Reuse/Recycling
Stormwater Improvements
Groundwater Benefits
Infiltration
Habitat Protection and Restoration
Flood Protection
Muir Beach drinking water demand will be decreased because the project proposal will include conservation implementation measures of graywater reuse and rainwater catchment. Higher water flows improve dissolved oxygen and keep water temperatures down for wildlife and the entire ecosystem. Additional water tank storage will also enhance fire fighting capability and public safety where tens of thousands of visitors to the beaches and Muir Woods could be isolated in a fire or other emergency situation. Groundwater storage will improve because the drawn down by the community will be lessened with water savings totaling around 24 acre feet per year projected. Redwood Creek in Marin, Muir Beach water quality will benefit from having more consistent seasonal flows, because of less pumping of ground water. Those flows will protect federally endangered coho salmon by consistently raising of the water table and groundwater storage. That will enable restoration to successfully move forward. Habitat for all aquatic, endangered and threatened species throughout the lower Redwood Creek will be immediately improved by conservation efforts outlined by state and federal agencies. Infiltration of groundwater will increase the sponge of the flood plain and slow release to improve summer and fall water cfs flows. Improvements to habitat increases resiliency within the system for wildlife and humans.

Part 2 - Detail

The project will address the indirect draw down of water in Redwood Creek by the Muir Beach community and Pelican Inn. It will

1.    Reverse the loss of water supply in Redwood Creek for highly endangered  coho salmon (Of three year classes: 1 year class extirpated, 1 year class removed to a hatchery, 1 year class had only 4 nests). Low levels prevented outmigration and overall fish viability in the drought. Restoration of  the Muir Beach wetlands for coho, steelhead and red-legged frogs would be supported by the project and improve water quality for coho salmon survival.

2.    Enhance water supply for the community and thousands of tourists in an emergency and where the creek and aquifer is the only supply. Federal and state recommendations include alternative water storage for fire fighting or another emergency that could be obtained by increasing storage.  In an emergency,  the community has only about 5 days of water stored.

3.    Build resilience into a vulnerable system for fish and people and where should the pumps fail, there are approximately five days of supply at the current water usage. Rainwater storage would offset this part of the year and allow the tank to remain filled longer.

We are proposing retrofit of qualifying homes and businesses for graywater systems to an average of $2500 per household= $377,500.  That would include re-plumbing, diverters, irrigation augmentation with graywater piping.

The proposal includes the installation of rainwater catchment tanks.  (varying sizes to landscape size/type and capacity) to an average of $4200 = $634,200 per 150 homes and 1 business and provides Installation of 2 electric low water composting toilets in the community center (legal in Marin County) $15,000 at $7500.

Two Surveys and two education seminars would be conducted including:  4 community meetings held with the CSD  to roll out plans and begin project. Approximate administrative and survey costs:  $123,00. to include outreach, management, assessment, and providing recommended certified installers for project. 

Conduct surveys, project monitoring and provide educational materials for a comprehensive community water conservation plan and infrastructure that will benefit the community,  the coho salmon and steelhead.   Total projected savings of water with rainwater catchment and graywater systems, we could save 12,400 gallons per day  (pop. 310 - average person uses 40 gallons per day for bathing dishes and laundry ) - or 4,526,000 gallons or 13.90 acre feet  per year. This grant will enable the community  to protect Redwood Creek and reliant species during this and future droughts while securing water for basic human needs and landscaping while protecting property values.

151 roofs times 1000 square feet = 623 gallons per inch =94,100 gallons per inch community  and x 35 average inches per year     3.3 million gallons or 10.13 acre feet.  Together the savings of 13.90 acre feet  plus 10.13 acre feet would equal 24 acre feet per year of water savings and water left in the hydrologic system of groundwater and the stream. This is an optimistic scenario based on capturing and using all rainwater and dependent on the resident's use and plumbing.  Rainwater catchment may not have that potential and is dependent on containment size and frequency of storms and use. 

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If the project is not implemented extirpation of coho salmon is probably going to occur in the very near future because they are deprived of basic biological migration function of not being able to outmigrate and the water quality and quantity  is so degraded. Hanging on by a thread, water supply diminishment can be the difference between survival or mortality for coho salmon in Redwood Creek.   Further, federally and state listed impacted species that will be affected include steelhead, red-legged frogs and the tidewater goby.

By not having a sufficient and reliable water supply to accommodate the increasing stressors from climate change and drought that is occurring now, the Muir Beach community may lose their water source or it can be even more severely impacted.   Many homes have been expanded in recent years and new properties developed while the water permit hasn’t changed.  This trajectory encumbers, limits and threatens the existing homeowners water rights with every expansion and new property.  The community does not have resilience or augmentation built into their water plan that protects the water resource and also allows unencumbered use of water.

The water supply that is currently pumped into their tanks will only last for about 5 days at the current rate use.   There is no guarantee that with continued climate change and drought that the aquifer will remain viable or that water rights could not be challenged in the future.

 

The project would benefit the landowners, residents, the coho salmon and steelhead trout. Water quality, temperature and supply would be improved.

Groundwater recharge would be enhanced and because of the flood plain connection to the stream the flows of lower Redwood Creek would improve significantly.  

Potentially  14-24 acre feet of water could be left in the system, accessible to fish if the  project is realized. The project could prevent the extirpation of coho salmon, steelhead, tidewater goby and red-legged frogs all federally and state listed special status species.

 Awareness of water use and habitat impacts by landowners would be increased.  Watershed stewardship would be enhanced through presentations and conscious use of water.

The project would enhance resiliency during climate change, the drought and in the event of an emergency such as fire or earthquake.

Landowners would be able to continue to maintain healthy gardens and that would lessen the fire danger. 

 

False
False
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Increases Water Supply Reliability
Advances/ Expands Conjunctive Management of Multiple Water Supply Sources
Increases Water Use and/or Reuse Efficiency
Provides Additional Water Supply
Promotes Water Quality Protection
Reduces Water Demand
Advances/Expands Water Recycling
Promotes Urban Runoff Reuse
Addresses Sea Level Rise
Addresses other Anticipated Climate Change Impact (e.g. through water management system modifications)
Improves Flood Control (e.g. through wetlands restoration, management, protection)
Promotes Habitat Protection
Establishes Migration Corridors
Re-establishes River-Floodplain Hydrologic Continuity
Re-introduces Anadromous Fish Populations to Upper Watersheds
Enhances and Protects Upper Watershed Forests and Meadow Systems
Other (Please Describe)
Increases Water Use Efficiency or Promotes Energy-Efficient Water Demand Reduction
Improves Water System Energy Efficiency
Advances/Expands Water Recycling
Promotes Urban Runoff Reuse
Promotes Use of Renewable Energy Sources
Contributes to Carbon Sequestration (e.g. through vegetation growth)
Other (Please Describe)
(low) - (high)
Drought Preparedness
Use and Reuse Water More Efficiently
Climate Change Response Actions (Adaptation to Climate Change, Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Reduce Energy Consumption)
Expand Environmental Stewardship
Practice Integrated Flood Management
Protect Surface and Groundwater Quality
Improve Tribal Water and Natural Resources
Ensure Equitable Distribution of Benefits
Reduce Reliance on the Bay-Delta
Reduce Water Demand
Improved Operational Efficiency and Transfers
Increase Water Supply
Improve Water Quality
Improve Flood Management
Practice Resources Stewardship
Other Strategies (Please Describe)
Groundwater Management Plan
Urban Water Management Plan
Water Meter Requirements
Groundwater Monitoring Requirements
AB 1420 Compliance
BMP Compliance
CEQA Compliance
Water supply reliability, water conservation and water use efficiency
Stormwater capture, storage, clean-up, treatment, and management
Removal of invasive non-native species, the creation and enhancement of wetlands, and the acquisition, protection, and restoration of open space and watershed lands
Non-point source pollution reduction, management and monitoring
Groundwater recharge and management projects
Contaminant and salt removal through reclamation, desalting, and other treatment technologies and conveyance of reclaimed water for distribution to users
Water banking, exchange, reclamation and improvement of water quality
Planning and implementation of multipurpose flood management programs
Watershed protection and management
Drinking water treatment and distribution
Ecosystem and fisheries restoration and protection
Reduced Reliance on the Bay-Delta
Projects that directly address a critical water quality or supply issue in a DAC
Urban water suppliers implementing certain BMPs as on page 17 of Guidelines
Be designed to manage stormwater runoff to reduce flood damage (PRC §5096.827)
Be consistent with the applicable Regional Water Quality Control Plans (Basin Plans) (PRC §5096.827)
Not be a part of the State Plan of Flood Control (SPFC) (PRC §5096.827)

Project team

Part 3 - Benefits